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How to Reduce Postpartum Preeclampsia

Quick basics about postpartum preeclampsia

How to Reduce Postpartum Preeclampsia Postpartum preeclampsia is a disease that a lot of new mothers experience after giving birth to their children. Of the most common physical disorders faced by women after childbirth, postpartum preeclampsia is a very serious issue. The disease develops in the 48 hour time frame starting after child birth. Sometimes the process starts even after 6 months from when the child is born. This scenario is called late postpartum preeclampsia. It is the preeclampsia that mothers face after child birth. Scientists believe that lack of sufficient blood flow towards the uterus, complications with the immune systems, damaged blood vessels due to child delivery process and poor diet are the main causes responsible for postpartum preeclampsia. Among other causes there are obesity, extreme stretching of uterus, air pollution etc. Postpartum preeclampsia mustn’t be taken lightly. If not dealt with in time, postpartum preeclampsia can cause blood clotting problems, multiple organ failure, hemolysis, infections, elevated liver enzymes and seizures resulting into a coma. Since the new mother’s body is seriously weakened and exhausted by the birthing trauma, this disease can take serious toll if not treated properly and timely.

Preeclampsia during pregnancy

Primarily, preeclampsia occurs during pregnancy, typically which is resolved by the child birth. Preeclampsia in pregnancy creates risk for both the mother and the baby. Quick treatments are fruitful.

Symptoms of Preeclampsia

Many women go through preeclampsia during and after pregnancy. Sometimes, for the new mothers, detecting postpartum preeclampsia isn’t as easy as it seems. Detecting symptoms of preeclampsia is a confusing task when the mothers are too focused in nurturing the new born and recovering from an exhausting birthing process. Several signs of preeclampsia similar to preeclampsia during pregnancy start to show up as the disease develops. Following are some of the common symptoms of preeclampsia.

  • High Blood Pressure: One of the most common signs of preeclampsia is that the mother’s blood pressure will rise up to 140/90 scale or even higher.
  • Urine: Lack of Urination also the urine would be rich in protein.
  • Vision Problems: The mother would sometimes experience temporary blindness, blurry vision along with light sensitivity.
  • Severe headaches: Mothers often have headaches and sometimes migraines.
  • Abdominal Pain: One of the major symptoms of preeclampsia is upper abdominal pain, most commonly, under the ribs, right side.
  • Sudden Weight Gain: Mothers show weekly weight gain up to 2 pounds usually.
  • Other Symptoms: Among other signs of preeclampsia there are nausea, dizziness and vomiting.

 

Potential Risk Factors

Preeclampsia after birth is most crucial in the first 48 hours from child birth. Research suggests that the following are serious threats that would occur if the patient isn’t treated in time.

  • Postpartum preeclampsia in the 48 hour period from birth can result into several organ failure and infections.
  • Another risk during the previously mentioned period is blood clotting problem otherwise known as platelets.
  • If the disease isn’t dealt accordingly, the mother might go into seizures and eventually a coma.
  • Other life threatening factors include elevated liver enzymes and hemolysis.

Women who have C-section carry more risk than others.

A Few Common Misunderstandings

Like every other diseases, misunderstandings and wrong information often appear about postpartum preeclampsia. In many cases these flawed information lead to the disease being misdiagnosed and result into severe damages to the health of both the mother and the baby. At first, since urine containing excessive protein is a symptom of postpartum preeclampsia, many prohibit the mother from consuming much calories or protein. This causes the mother’s health to break down and at the same time depriving the baby of adequate nutrition. Also supplements of antioxidants such as vitamin C or E have no effect on postpartum preeclampsia conditions. Another misunderstanding about postpartum preeclampsia is taking exercise or bed rest as a preventive measure for postpartum preeclampsia.

How to prevent preeclampsia

Till today, scientists haven’t found any measures to prevent postpartum preeclampsia. The most effective way to stay safe is having a clear concept of the disease, knowing the symptoms by heart and act accordingly. Stay in touch with your doctor and don’t miss your routine check ups.

Treatment for Postpartum preeclampsia

Prompt treatment measures reduce the risks to a great extent.

  • Medications for Preventing Seizures: Anticonvulsive medications such as magnesium sulfate work great in preventing seizures. Typically, magnesium sulfate is taken for a 24 hour period. After this treatment, doctors must monitor closely the mother’s blood pressure, urination along with other symptoms.
  • Medications Preventing High Blood Pressure: If you are experiencing severely high blood pressure, kick in traditional preventive medicines. And if the medicines aren’t working, in that case, contact your medical provider and consult with him for new medicines.
  • Antihypertensive therapy: Antihypertensive therapy options are quite helpful in case of patients with hypertension.
  • Aspirin Supplementation: Low dosed Aspirin supplementation is responsible for moderate benefits.
  • Medical Attention and Check-Ups: These days, hospitals perform check up for signs of postpartum preeclampsia before the mothers leave their premises. Also doctors draw up routine visits and check up plans ensuring maximum safety measures against postpartum preeclampsia.