Hormonal changes during ovulation
Female hormone cycle is a complicated process and almost magical to read about. Normal menstrual cycle is a must for a woman to conceive and become pregnant. Most fertile period for a woman is just before her ovulation as this is the time when favorable conditions take place that allow a sperm to travel smoothly in cervical fluid that is more slippery and thin in consistency than it is on the rest of the days of the month. Sperms find this environment favorable and live for far more days that they normally do. Even the body temperature increases during ovulation to present warm conditions to sperms and the fertilized egg.
Role played by estrogen during ovulation and conception
If you do not know, estrogen is the female hormone that plays a great role during menstrual cycle. In fact, it is not one but a family of hormones produced in ovaries and having similar characteristics. Production of estrogen in normal quantities is essential in conception, and low estrogen levels produced result in vaginal dryness, hot flashes, headaches and sweating is commonly observed in females. Low estrogen levels mean very little uterus lining that is certainly not hospitable for conception. In most cases of low estrogen levels, there is no ovulation to allow for pregnancies to be carried. This may be due to ovaries not getting instructions as to what to do or not releasing eggs for fertilization.
Understanding ovulation and hormones
If a woman understands ovulation and hormones changes inside her body, she is in a better position to predict the most fertile days in a month. In general there is a period of 7 days during menstrual period and ovulation that is considered fertile while the short time of 1-2 days just preceding ovulation is labeled the most fertile period in a month. This is the time when the sperms find it easier to travel in the cervical mucus which is clear and less sticky. Ovulation and hormones are intricately correlated and very early during menstrual cycle, a hormone called follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) is released that is responsible for egg production in ovaries. This hormone later helps in production of estrogen that makes eggs come close to ovary.
Just before ovulation estrogen and progesterone are produced causing more blood to flow to uterus making environment favorable for pregnancy. Lastly, just before ovulation more hormones are produced guiding egg to the fallopian tubes. If a woman understands all these hormonal changes taking place before ovulation, she knows that egg has been released and there is a 24 hour window to get it fertilized with the sperm of the partner. Having sex in this window increases chances of conception greatly but if it does not happen, the hormonal levels drop greatly for the menstrual cycle to begin in a normal manner. This is female hormone cycle that makes it possible for a woman to conceive. Hormone levels at ovulation are at a high causing mood swings in most pregnant women. If a woman misses her periods, it is a sign of conception but to confirm it, home pregnancy test that detects the presence of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), a hormone produced after fertilization, is required to be taken.
Despite estrogen playing such an important in conception, obese women are told to lower estrogen levels to be able to lose weight. If you look up the internet typing how to lower estrogen levels, you would find scores of websites suggesting ways to control estrogen levels thereby helping to reduce fat from the body.
FSH production and its importance
During menstrual cycle, follicle stimulating hormone, produced by anterior pituitary gland, plays the role of encouraging ovaries to produce eggs. The production of estradiol, another hormone, is also dependent upon FSH. For a woman who is planning to conceive, it is necessary to undergo a blood test to ensure she produces stimulating hormone (FSH) in sufficient quantities for conception to take place in a smooth manner.
Understanding the fluctuation of hormone levels inside body during menstrual cycle and ovulation gives a woman better control over conception.