Introduction to In Vitro fertilization
It is very devastating for a couple to discover that they are unable to conceive naturally. This can not only impart state of great depression and stress on couple but they might not willing to continue their relation thinking of problem of their partner. For such couples there are various specialized clinics that can help to conceive couple with medical treatments like In vitro fertilization procedures. However, the most important thing in this regard is, to search right clinic for this purpose. It is always recommended to consult the clinic that is specialized in providing IVF treatment.
In vitro fertilization can help couple with infertility problems like blocked fallopian tubes, abnormal sperms, reduce sperm count and any other problems which cannot be treated with medicines or surgery.
In vitro fertilization process
Now, the question is what in vitro fertilization process is and how does in vitro fertilization work? This process is composed of various steps. In vitro fertilization process initiate with ovulation. After ovulation it is important to acquire egg from ovaries of female. This process is followed by insemination; fertilization and transfer of fertilize egg into embryo of woman.
After receiving egg from female it is important fertilize it with male sperms in lab within this process. After that the fertilized egg is monitored for 40 hours in lab. If fertilization process occur successfully than next step is to transfer embryo to uterus of woman. This process can take 2 to 3 days.
Embryo is transferred to uterus of women with help of two procedures:
- Frozen embryo transfer
In this method more than 2 embryos of woman is acquired and freeze. This process is used for woman who suffer infertility problem and fear that implantation of first embryo can result in failure. In that case frozen embryo is used and transferred.
- Blastocyst transfer
This method is used after five days of fertilization and at this stage the embryo is cultured further and reaches to stage known as blast cyst. At this stage it is easier to determine health of embryo and then it is transferred to uterus of female.
In most of cases pre-implantation genetic diagnosis is also conducted. This can help to test genetic makeup of child and transmission of any genetic diseases or problems can be avoided which can also help to reduce chances of miscarriage.
Although this process is as vulnerable as natural pregnancy and any problem can occur in any stage of this process. However, two or more than 2 embryos are implanted in woman to increases chances of successful pregnancy.
Although chances of miscarriages within in vitro fertilization process is same as natural pregnancy but with multiple implantation this chance can be reduced to some limit. Another complication of ectopic pregnancy is also presided in this process. This is serious medical problem where growth of embryo takes place outside the uterus. In this condition survival of embryo is impossible. Therefore, it is advisable that patients seeking treatment of in vitro fertilization should discuss their complete medical history with doctors.
In vitro fertilization cost
Initially in vitro fertilization process was devised for male and female with infertility issues so that it can help to conceive a child. However, with passage of time and progress in technology this process is gaining immense popularity and regarded as painless process for acquiring pregnancy. With advancement in this field in vitro fertilization success rate has grown dramatically. Before age of 34 this process is most successful for women however, woman can still conceive after 34 with this process but chances of success decreases.
In vitro fertilization cost is affected by some of the factors included in this process. Standard process of in vitro fertilization can cost up to $12,000. However, this cost can increase tremendously in case people use donor eggs. However, for people who have opted to freeze egg for next time this cost can reduce up to 50% of whole process. Other medical costs which can affect overall cost of this process include cost of anesthesia, medication, hospitalization and fees of specialist. However, in many places people can acquire in vitro fertilization insurance that can help them to cope with expenses of this process.
As far as in vitro fertilization ethics are concerned there is a group of people who consider this process as interfering with nature and working against will of God. However, there are large numbers of people around the world for whom in vitro fertilization is nothing less than blessing of science and nature with which they can have their own child while facing problem of infertility.