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Supraventricular Tachycardia: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

What is Supraventricular tachycardia

Supraventricular tachycardia: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment Supraventricular tachycardia is a rapid rate of the heart in which the heart rate beats above 100 in one minute. This condition is known as tachycardia and produced by the electrical pulses that produce above the ventricles of the heart. Physicians consider all Supraventricular having the atrioventricular node under this category but not all physicians agree this point of view. Supraventricular tachycardia does not involve in tachycardia rhythms that produces from ventricular tachycardia like ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia. This disease has few other names such as Supraventricular tachycardia and it is abbreviated as SVT or PSVT

Supraventricular tachycardia causes

Some people have Supraventricular tachycardia but they do not show any symptom and hence they are unaware of their disease. Paroxysmal or sporadic Supraventricular tachycardia mostly happens with without symptoms and do not produce any kind of problem. The desease may be associated with some conditions which are marked as following Supraventricular tachycardia causes:

  • You may feel hardness of arteries, also called atherosclerosis;
  • Heart attack or heart failure;
  • You may have several other problems such as chronic lung disease, thyroid disease and pneumonia;
  • You may have blood clots that move into the arteries of lung from anywhere in your body;
  • Cocaine abuse and alcohol abuse;
  • If you smoke for long time;
  • If you use caffeine in much quantity in tea, coffee and soft drinks;
  • If your mind is under stress;
  • If you are pregnant;
  • If you have structural abnormalities like Wolff Parkinson White syndrome. In this condition, extra electrical tissue creates abnormal circuits which can predispose the heart to the arrhythmias that contain AF, PSVT, A fib and ventricular fibrillation.
  • Supraventricular tachycardia may also happen due to the medications side effects such as asthma medications, digitalis, cold remedies and few others.

There are some cases when patients have Supraventricular tachycardia but also the PSVT cause is not known. Most commonly, supraventricular tachycardia affects children, infants and pregnant women.

Supraventricular tachycardia symptoms

Supraventricular tachycardia can cause many symptoms in your body. Different people having Supraventricular tachycardia show different symptoms and the number of symptoms depend on overall physical condition of a person. It also depends on how fast you heart is beating. Some people show severe symptom, some people have very few symptoms that even don’t need treatment while there are some people who even do not know that they have Supraventricular tachycardia because they do not show kind of symptom at all.

Supraventricular tachycardia symptoms appear suddenly and also disappear by themselves without any treatment. These symptoms appear for just few minutes and eventually go away. Some symptoms have little bit long duration and remain for one or two days. If a person have Supraventricular tachycardia and rapid heart rate during the PSVT then his heart will not be able to pump effectively and due to less effective pumping of heart, the organs of body do not get enough blood that they really need in order to work properly like they do in normal human body. If the pulse beats with 140 to 250 in one minutes, then Supraventricular tachycardia patient may have following symptoms:

  • Patients may get Palipitations. It is the sensation of pounding of heart in chest.
  • They can face with breathing problems and their breath may be shortness.
  • They may feel anxiety.
  • They may have pain in the chest or even chest tightness.
  • They may have dizziness, fainting or light headedness near faint.

Sometimes, it becomes quite difficult to discern the symptoms of Supraventricular tachycardia or PSVT in both young children and infants. Infants having the bad feeding, irritability problem, different color of skin and pulse rate with 200 to 250 beats in one minute may be the reasons of PVST. If all these symptoms are found in children, then it means they have Supraventricular tachycardia and they need proper treatment from doctor.

Supraventricular tachycardia treatment

There are different treatments of Supraventricular tachycardia that doctors perform according to the condition of your body as well the severity of this disease. Supraventricular tachycardia treatment can help you to reduce the heart rate to normal and break down the circuits of electrical that are formed by the conduction of abnormal pathways. Treatment of Supraventricular tachycardia can be divided into two major sections: Stopping the growth of any new episodes and halting the already generated episodes. In acute episode treatment, doctors concentrate on how severely the functionality of heart is affected the disease.

Supraventricular tachycardia and pregnancy

In females, the most common arrhythmia is paroxysmal Supraventricular tachycardia or SVT in their reproductive age. SVT during pregnancy means, that you have tachyarrhythmia with heart rate above 120 beats per minute. This arrhythmia starts and then disappears abruptly in pregnant women.