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Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus (LCM): Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

What is Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus

Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus (LCM): symptoms, diagnosis and treatment Lymphocytic choriomeningitis or LCM is a type of virus that causes severe infection in human body. It is a rodent borne disease that shows membrane inflammation and meningitis located at the spinal cord, meningoencephalitis (inflammation of meninges as well as brain) and encephalitis (brain inflammation). Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus is a causative agent and originates from the Arenaviridea family that was first isolated in year 1933. As the LCM is considered as one from the dangerous diseases and causes the neurological disease. From its name, it shows that the infection from this disease without showing any symptoms or mild illness is manifestation clinically. Moreover, it revealed that if a woman is pregnant and also becomes patients of Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus, her pregnancy many be associated with the chorioretinitis, hydrocephalus and also retardation mentally.

Lymphocytic meningitis diagnosis

Now the most important question is what are the major causes of lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus? From where, this severe disease comes from? Primary host of the virus is house mouse disease. Infection may differ by the location geographically. There are almost 5 percent of mice live in United States that contain Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus or LCMV. The LCMV virus is present in urine, salvia and infected mice. Mice that carry LCMV take live for long period of time without showing any kind of symptom regarding illness. There are various other types of rodents infected with virus. Hamster is a type of wild rodent that is not reservoirs naturally but can get infection of this virus from the wild mild. The disease may not be very dangerous for you but if you are infected by the pet rodents then you should immediately report as this infection may be the cause of many other problems. So do not contact with wild rodents and start treatment in early stage.

Lymphocytic meningitis symptoms

Some people with lymphocytic meningitis diagnosis do not show any symptoms and hence they do not ill. But if you are infected with LCMV and you become ill, then the symptoms of Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus will be exposed within 8 to 14 days after you get infected. Initial phase of LCMV remain for long period and it may remain for several weeks. In first stage, patient of Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus shows symptoms which are: lack of appetite, headache, vomiting, fever, nausea, aches of muscle and malaise. Other symptoms that appear with the passage of time include: cough, chest pain, and sore throat, pain in different joints of body, parotid or salivary gland pain and testicular pain. After recovery of symptoms that a patient survive in first stage, the second phase come in which several other diseases appear.

In second phase of Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus disease, meningitis symptoms appear such as headache and stiff neck. In addition to this, patient may face the encephalitis characteristics such as confusion, motor abnormalities, sensory disturbance and drowsiness. LCMV may also cause acute hydrocephalus. It is an increase fluid on the brain of person infected with Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus. In some cases, this virus also causes infections that result to the myelitis, a spinal cord inflammation. It shows following symptoms: paralysis, changes in sensation of patient body and weakness of muscles.

In first phase of the Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus disease, the common abnormalities are decrease in count of white blood cell, also called leucopenia. Moreover, it can also cause decrease of platelet count (thrombocytopenia). Liver enzymes evolve in the working of serum may be elevated mildly. After neurological disease that appears in second phase, there is an increase in levels of protein, increase in white blood cells count and decrease of glucose levels in cerebrospinal fluid.

Lymphocytic meningitis treatment

Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus infection is not severe for everyone. Treatment for Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus disease can be performed in several ways. It depends on what type of patient you are. Moreover, it also depend that what is the situation of your body, mean whether you are in first stage or sever stage of disease. If you are a healthy patient and you are not pregnant then small dose of few antibiotics is enough for you but if you are a pregnant lady then you will need proper treatment. If a pregnant woman is infected with Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus then doctor should go for several tests to check the condition of your disease. Before taking any kind of antibiotic, consult your doctor as these antibiotic can harmful for you. Lymphocytic meningitis treatment is required for mycobacterial or fungal that causes the aseptic meningitis. Varicella or Hypesvirus (most commonly called chickenpox) virus can be treated by taking antiviral medicines. If you go for treatment of non-infectious, then it can cause pain and various complications that you will have to bear. Please note that there is no any specific treatment available for the enteroviral and many other viral classifications of the aseptic meningitis.