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Herpes: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Herpes: symptoms, diagnosis and treatmentHerpes is a common STD or STI (sexually transmitted infection) caused by a virus called herpes simplex virus (HSV). Herpes can be oral and genital. There can even be herpes affecting eyes, skin, or other body parts. But we are more concerned by genital herpes which is a sexually transmitted disease and affects the reproductive organs like penis, vagina, anus, and buttocks of men and women.

Male genital herpes can be serious but we shall remain confined to genital herpes in women in this article as we will see how herpes and pregnancy are closely related. We will also try to find what women should and must do when they have herpes and what to do when planning for a pregnancy. Catching herpes simplex virus is possible even without sexual intercourse and oral sex can lead to soars in mouth caused by an infected partner.

Herpes diagnosis is done on the basis of herpes symptoms

There are two types of herpes simplex genital viruses called HSV 1 and HSV 2. While HSV 1 is mostly involved with oral herpes, it is HSV 2 that causes genital herpes in women. Whether oral or genital, herpes cause sores that can turn into blisters. These sores are itchy and painful. They heal up but appear again as there are outbreaks several times in a year. Genital herpes in women is highly contagious and spreads through contact. Medicines can help lessen the frequency of outbreaks and also to heal up the sores faster. Sores and later blisters happen to be main herpes symptoms. In some cases, herpes symptoms are absent and to confirm the presence of infection, doctor may ask the patient to undergo herpes diagnosis test. Herpes diagnosis is easy as the small sores can be easily detected by the doctor. Do you know that semen allergy is a rare but often-misdiagnosed condition that can masquerade as a common yeast infection or herpes infection. There is a kit for herpes diagnosis through which it is possible to know whether one is having herpes or not.

In women, genital herpes takes place on the skin around the vagina, the lips of vagina, urethra, and anus. In case of male genital herpes, sores are seen on penis, urethra, and anus.

Talking about women, there is an outbreak of genital herpes several times a year as virus becomes active and inactive many times. When the virus is active, it travels to the ends of the nerves where it makes more new viruses and hence new sores. It is still a mystery as to why inactive virus becomes active again but many have veered round to the view that stress, any other disease, or hormonal imbalance in women plays a role in making the virus active again and again. Some women tend to have several outbreaks of sores every year while others have only 1-2 outbreaks in their entire life span. There is no known cure of recurrent genital herpes in women. However, it is possible to keep the future outbreaks of sores under control through medication.

25% of pregnant women suffer from herpes

Herpes is such a common infection that nearly one fourth of all pregnant women have this infection during their pregnancies. There is already n number of health problems during pregnancy and the problem of genital herpes only adds to the woes of pregnant women. This means that carrying the pregnancy to its full term and giving birth is no problem with women infected with genital herpes. However, there are certain situations under which a woman having herpes can cause problems for the unborn baby. Therefore it becomes important for a pregnant woman having herpes to know about the potential dangers and talk to her doctor about what to do and also what to avoid to prevent any danger to the unborn child.

Herpes can be real bad for a newborn when if catches it from his mother

Most women having genital herpes are worried and fearful about passing their medical condition to their newborn. Though it is extremely rare, neonatal herpes is not unheard of, and it can be really devastating for the small baby if he is born with this medical condition. This is possible if the woman is shedding virus at the time of delivery or is very contagious. It is possible for a mother to transfer her herpes to the newborn through the placenta. In any case, neonatal herpes is dreadful and can cause serious birth defects.

If you have sores that have become blisters right before the time of delivery, your doctor may chose to postpone the delivery and firs treat your blisters. She would surgically remove all blisters to prevent the water in these blisters coming in contact with the newborn baby. We bring you an ability to estimate your due date with our free online due date calculator. In general, doctors, in their bid to improve chances of a defect free birth, start giving antiviral medication to pregnant women having recurrent genital herpes. This is a practice that has been traditionally followed and reduces chances of neonatal herpes significantly.