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Endometriosis: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

What is endometriosis

Endometriosis: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment Endometriosis is a disease in which abnormal growth of the endometrial cells which is similar to the form that occurs inside the uterus. During menstruation cycle endometrial cells often shed of.

The main causes that are very much accompanied with the endometriosis are irregular menstruation cycles, pre-birth factors, abnormal hormonal issues, usage of certain drugs having harmful effects. Endometriosis cells are attached to the uterine tissues and are known as endometrial implantations. These implants are commonly observed in the ovaries’ area, in the fallopian tubes, outer layers of intestine and uterus and even on the outer surface covering of the pelvic cavity.

Endometriosis symptoms

Endometriosis usually affects women in the years of reproduction. Endometriosis prevalence is not actually known, and even sometimes shows no symptoms. See the following factors that can cause endometriosis.

What causes endometriosis

Laparoscopy
Endometriosis is often caused in such women who have experienced any laparoscopic surgery and hysterectomy. The most common cause that has observed in endometriosis is pelvic pain. It has been estimated that about 20% to50% of the women that have been treated for infertility have endometriosis. Up to 80% of the women who are having chronic pelvic pain are mostly affected by endometriosis.

Age factors
Women who are affected by endometriosis aged around 25-35 years. However, endometriosis has also found in the girls that lead to puberty. It commonly occurs in women who reach to menopause.

Geographical conditions
As compared to African-American and Asian women endometriosis is mostly common in white women.

Infections related to endometriosis
The most frequent symptoms that have been observed in endometriosis include painful sexual intercourse or feel cramps during intercourse and pain during urination. The intensity of the pain can vary from month to month and also on the age of the women. Other symptoms which are also related to endometriosis are lower abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, irregular menstruation cycle or heavy bleeding and uremia.

Common disorders
Most of the females who are suffering from Endometriosis lead to many other common disorders in the reproductive organs that are quite responsible for the problems, mainly in the uterine region.

Surgical endometriosis
It is estimated that endometriosis may occur in those women who are facing surgical scars followed by removal of pelvic organ. Where as in some cases endometriosis remain restricted to the specific area in a certain tissue.

Other problems related to the endometriosis
It has been observed that only 1% of the women get the Endometriosis during pelvic surgery. The exact determination of the women having endometriosis is impossible as it does not show symptoms early and even later it is very difficult to attribute symptoms of Endometriosis. Surgeries that evaluate the infertility are at high risk to Endometriosis.

Women who are at high risk of endometriosis

Genealogists suggest that under certain circumstances, the ratio of the women that have endometriosis is higher in young women and those having height and low body mass index.

Genetic Inheritance
It has been found that most of the women carry genes, which are predisposed them from their parents develop endometriosis, but this is rarely seen.

Clinical manifestations

Endometriosis can be diagnosed on the physical examinations of the clinical findings based on the suspected symptoms. Usually during the rectovaginal examination shows the formation of nodules commonly called endometrial implants below in the uterus, along the pelvic wall. This type of examination is quite painful and patients also experienced dis-comfort.

Endometriosis diagnosis

Accurate diagnosis of Endometriosis can be relied on the imaging studies like ultrasound. This is more helpful in diagnosing the Endometriosis that is present either in the vaginal or bladder areas.

Tissue biopsy is another way for the diagnosis of the Endometriosis. Biopsy of the endometrial implants gives the exact picture of the Endometriosis.

As a result, the only accurate way of diagnosing endometriosis is at the time of surgery, either by opening the belly with large-incision laparotomy or small-incision laparoscopy.

Endometriosis treatment

Endometriosis can be diagnosed by using different procedures and techniques. It can be diagnosed by knowing the levels of estrogen hormone. Sometimes the cervical tissue or uterine tissues are used for the diagnosis of endometriosis. Cervical ectropion and cervical erosion may be done for its diagnosis. Endometriosis can be treated by several methods and drugs that include:

Hormonal endometriosis treatment
This treatment is done by controlling or specifying the levels of estrogen produced by a women body. As the amount of the hormone decreases it will limit the production of endometrial cells thus eliminates the cause of inflammation and irritation.

Hormonal drugs
Basically, they are sort of pills that control the birth factors:

  • Diazole
  • Gestrione
  • Progesterone hormone tablets

The chances of recovery are totally dependent on the time of taken medication. Such treatments show the very positive response in those women that are suffering from milder cases of the disease.