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Pregnancy Health

Safe Melatonin Dosage during Pregnancy

  07 Jan 2013

What is insomnia

Safe Melatonin Dosage during Pregnancy Insomnia is the medical term for inability to sleep. This is because of the hormonal activity plus the bodily discomfort that occurs during pregnancy. Pregnant mothers who are not comfortable with various position when sleeping may suffer from insomnia. The severity of this condition can affect the health condition of both the mother and her unborn child. The effective ways on how to cure insomnia involves modification with lifestyle including the eating patterns and activities of daily living. Normally, a pregnant woman must meet the need for sufficient energy in order for them to be prepared with the upcoming labor and delivery. During the third trimester, the manifestations of bodily discomforts will alter the sleeping pattern of the pregnant woman. As a result the power to bear down is insufficient which can lead to prolong labor and more complicated maternal conditions.

What causes insomnia

Insomnia is rapidly affecting most pregnant women. This is because of the psychological response to the product of conception. Aside from this issue, the preparedness of the mother especially the first time women for parenthood is not firm enough to adjust with the changing role from singlehood to parenting. Emotional conflict which is unresolved can also affect the cognitive aspect of pregnant women. Using of melatonin dosage during pregnancy is currently prohibited by FDA because of its undesirable effect to the development of the baby. Hence, the variables concerning the causes of insomnia do not depend on the usage of this medicine which is commonly used by adults.

Clinical manifestations and symptoms of insomnia

The manifestations include irritability, fatigability, sleeplessness, wakefulness during night and inability to initiate sleep. Sometimes pregnant women may suffer from intermittent sleep due to bodily discomfort. There are ways on how to cure insomnia for pregnant women. One of the most effective yet needs special attention is the melatonin dosage during pregnancy.

Tips for sleep disorder treatment

Melatonin is a natural hormone which is produced by the brain to regulate the sleep cycle. However, the stimulation of such hormone is based on the supplementary foods and nutrients including the naturopathic remedies. There are products which are sold in the pharmacy that contains melatonin dosage. In general, this melatonin-containing product is safe to use especially for adults with sleep disorder for short period of time. Moreover, pregnant or nursing mother should not use this unless the doctors have prescribed it for their own convenience. Any products that have chemical composition can affect the development of the baby once it is taken either orally, intravenously, intramuscularly, or sublingually.

Melatonin as a natural sleep aid

The function of melatonin dosage provides therapeutic effect to the human body. Based on the current studies made by the University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC), the pineal gland which is located at the base of the brain produces melatonin hormone as a response to perceived darkness. This hormone specifically influences the circadian rhythm (the biological clock) which is responsible for the sleep cycle. It also promotes the regulation of female hormones (progesterone, estrogen, and prolactin) production and may affect the menstruation of the women. There are no further research that can support the effect of melatonin dosage in response to pregnancy but the adverse reaction that is brought by the medicine can provide severe fetal harm.

The effect of melatonin dosage during pregnancy for fetal development is undefined. However, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) states that this type of treatment used on how to cure insomnia is considered as “unsafe”. The most pressing fact that can support the definition of melatonin overdose in relation to the fetal development is its influence to the sleep cycle pattern of the fetus. In other words, the melatonin supplements will result into sleeping disorder for the newborn.

There is no definite study that can tell the danger and harm of melatonin to the pregnant mother as well as the unborn baby. However, to make it safer for them, they are advised not to take this supplement at any stage of pregnancy. In general, the pregnant mother should only take supplements and drugs that are recommended by their obstetrician. The possibility of melatonin overdose can occur anytime if the mother adheres to the prescribed supplements and dosages by their doctor.

The melatonin supplementation must be avoided by pregnant mother or women who expect to become pregnant. This theory is based on the potential hormonal effect that can alter the body’s response to the product of conception. Moreover, melatonin overdose can increase the possibility of the mother to suffer from serious problems in the future. Below are the common adverse effects of melatonin supplement:

  • Dizziness;
  • Fatigability;
  • Headache;
  • Sleepiness;
  • Drowsiness.

The severe adverse effect of this supplement includes disorientation, sleepwalking, confusion, occurrence of bad dreams (nightmares), ataxia (difficulty to maintain balance when walking), and irregular sleeping pattern.
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